J.B. Hunt Transport
Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace, Company of the Year Award – 2014
Large Business, Over 1000+ Employees
J.B. Hunt Transport focuses on providing safe and reliable transportation services to a diverse group of customers throughout the continental United States, Canada and Mexico utilizing an integrated, multimodal approach.
What inspired you to start a drug-free workplace program? As a motor carrier, J.B. Hunt conducts urinalysis under Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations in order to satisfy federal testing requirements. However, urinalysis testing has its limits. It detects drug use only within the last 48 hours. A series of events in 2005 and 2006 led the company to believe that urinalysis alone was not enough to ensure safety. Initially there were reports of drug use in some shops. Then there were two fatal crashes where J.B. Hunt drivers were involved in accidents that claimed three lives. Both drivers had clean records, but both tested positive at the scene for cocaine. Since all required urinalysis tests had been conducted with no traces of drugs, there was reason to suspect that these drivers had substituted their urine samples. After the accidents, J.B. wanted to evaluate tougher safety measures and hair testing was one option it looked into. Hair testing detects drug use approximately three month back. Users cannot “beat the system” by abstaining from drug use in the days leading up to the test, or evade detection by adulterating or tampering with the test.
How do you define success for your business? Success is providing value to our customers by making on-time and safe delivery of their products while producing excellent financial value to our shareholders and a rewarding job environment to our employees. A drug-free workforce is essential to achieve success in all of these objectives.
What do you suggest to other companies like yours who are considering a drug-free workplace program? If hair testing is not part of the pre-hire program, add it. After notices of the hair testing were delivered to all drivers and support departments, existing employees were allowed to voluntary self-report if they would be tested or assistance was offered in quitting. J.B. Hunt began using Psychemedics to conduct hair testing in maintenance facility sweeps in 2005, and in 2006 driver pre-employment and random hair tests were phased in by location. Before initiating a program, be sure to seek legal advice to make sure hair testing is permitted in the state or locality where the employees work.