State Guide Table of Contents

Volume 1

About the Authors…………………………………………………………………………………… v
About the Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace……………………………………………………. vi
About Jackson Lewis LLP…………………………………………………………………………… vii
Acknowledgments……………………………………………………………………………………. viii
Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………… ix
Chapter 1
How to Use This Book……………………………………………………………………………….. 1
Chapter 2
Summary of State Drug-Testing Laws………………………………………………………………. 7
Chapter 3
Outline of State-by-State Drug-Testing Law Survey………………………………………………. 13
Chapter 4
State-by-State Survey………………………………………………………………………………… 17
Alabama……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 19
Alaska………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
Arizona…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 39
Arkansas………………………………………………………………………………………………. 47
California……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 75
San Francisco, California……………………………………………………………………………. 106
Colorado………………………………………………………………………………………………. 108
Boulder, Colorado…………………………………………………………………………………….. 119
Connecticut……………………………………………………………………………………………. 121
Delaware……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 140
District of Columbia……………………………………………………………………………………. 153
Florida…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 160
Georgia………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 177
Hawaii…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 190
Idaho……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 195
Illinois…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 200
Indiana………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 222
Iowa…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 235
Kansas………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 247
Kentucky……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 259
Louisiana……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 267
Maine…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 312
Maryland………………………………………………………………………………………………. 321
Massachusetts………………………………………………………………………………………… 330
Michigan………………………………………………………………………………………………. 340
Minnesota……………………………………………………………………………………………… 350
Mississippi…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 376
Missouri……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 391
Montana……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 409
Nebraska………………………………………………………………………………………………. 415
Nevada………………………………………………………………………………………………… 426
New Hampshire………………………………………………………………………………………… 432
New Jersey…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 434
New Mexico…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 455
New York………………………………………………………………………………………………. 461
North Carolina…………………………………………………………………………………………. 504
North Dakota…………………………………………………………………………………………… 515
Ohio…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 518
Oklahoma………………………………………………………………………………………………. 556
Oregon………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 571
Pennsylvania……………………………………………………………………………………………. 588
Puerto Rico…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 625
Rhode Island……………………………………………………………………………………………. 630
South Carolina…………………………………………………………………………………………… 634
South Dakota……………………………………………………………………………………………. 642
Tennessee……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 645
Texas…………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 667
Utah……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 696
Vermont…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 707
Virginia…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 711
Washington……………………………………………………………………………………………… 722
West Virginia……………………………………………………………………………………………. 733
Wisconsin……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 741
Wyoming………………………………………………………………………………………………… 747

Volume 2

Chapter 5
Matrix of State Drug-Testing Statutes……………………………………………………………… 753
Chapter 6
Matrix of State Drug-Testing Case Law……………………………………………………………… 759
Chapter 7
Random Drug-Testing Limitations, Prohibitions, and Requirements…………………………….. 763
Chapter 8
On-Site Drug-Testing Restrictions and Requirements…………………………………………….. 767
Chapter 9
Hair-Testing Restrictions and Requirements………………………………………………………… 773
Chapter 10
HOral-Fluids-Testing Restrictions…………………………………………………………………….. 779
Chapter 11
Marijuana-Use-Related Laws………………………………………………………………………….. 785
Chapter 12
Federal Case Law Addressing Drug-Free Workplace Policies…………………………………….. 793
Chapter 13
Summary of Americans with Disabilities Act………………………………………………………….
Drug-and Alcohol-Related Provisions
967
Chapter 14
Americans with Disabilities Act and Rehabilitation Act Case Summaries………………………… 973
Chapter 15
Summary of Family and Medical Leave Act Provisions …………………………………………….
Affecting Workplace Substance-Abuse Prevention Policies
1069
Chapter 16
Overview of U.S. Department of Transportation Drugand ………………………………………….
Alcohol-Testing Regulations
1075

– Summary of Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Rules…………………………………… 1078
– Summary of Federal Aviation Administration Rules………………………………………………….. 1083
– Summary of Federal Railroad Administration Rules…………………………………………………. 1088
– Summary of Federal Transit Administration Rules…………………………………………………… 1091
– Summary of Pipeline & Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Rules………………………….1095

Chapter 17
Department of Transportation Drug-Testing Regulations Case Summaries……………………… 1101
Appendix A
Table of Citations—Drug-Testing Statutes and Cases……………………………………………… 1133
Appendix B
Table of Citations—Workers’ Compensation Statutes and Cases………………………………… 1179
Appendix C
Table of Citations—Unemployment Compensation Statutes and Cases………………………… 1197
Appendix D
Table of Citations—Federal Drug-Testing Cases……………………………………………………. 1215
Appendix E
Table of Citations—Americans with Disabilities Act………………………………………………….
and Rehabilitation Act Cases
1233
Appendix F
Table of Citations—Department of Transportation Regulations Cases…………………………… 1243
Appendix G
Mandatory Guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing Programs……………………………. 1249
Appendix H
Procedures for Transportation Workplace Drug and…………………………………………………
Alcohol Testing Programs, 49 C.F.R. Part 40
1283
Appendix I
Selected Guidance from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health……………………………….
Services Administration and the Department of Transportation
1387

– DoT Questions and Answers Regarding 49 C.F.R. Part 40 Dated July 2012…………………….. 1389
– DoT Questions and Answers Regarding 49 C.F.R. Part 40 Dated July 2008…………………….. 1390
– DoT Questions and Answers Regarding 49 C.F.R. Part 40 Dated July 2006…………………….. 1392
– DoT Questions and Answers Regarding 49 C.F.R. Part 40 Dated June 2004……………………. 1395
– DoT Guidance Regarding HIPAA Dated May 2003…………………………………………………. 1396
– DoT Questions and Answers Regarding 49 C.F.R. Part 40 Dated January 2002………………… 1397
– DoT Questions and Answers Regarding 49 C.F.R. Part 40 Dated September 2001…………….. 1402
– DoT Guidance for Using the New Federal Custody and Control Form……………………………. 1411
– SAMHSA Guidance for Using the New Federal Custody and Control Form……………………… 1414
– HHS Frequently Asked Questions……………………………………………………………………. 1418

Appendix J
Text of the Federal Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988……………………………………………… 1421
Appendix K
Q & A on the Federal Drug-Free Workplace Act…………………………………………………….. 1427
Appendix L
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration-Certified Laboratories…………. 1431
Appendix M
State and Federal Drug- and Alcohol-Abuse Resources…………………………………………… 1437
Appendix N
Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace Model Federal Legislation……………………………………
on Workplace Drug Testing
1447
Appendix O
Mission and Policy Statement of the Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace……………………….. 1455
Appendix P
Membership in the Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace……………………………………………. 1459
Appendix Q
Other Publications by the Institute for a Drug-Free Workplace……………………………………. 1465